Friday, October 5, 2018

Parable of the Wheat and Tares - Part 3


What were they're traditions and origins of the Pharisees, and why did Jesus hate them?  


Scriptures:
  • Matthew 13:24-30
  • Matthew 13:36-43
  • John 8:42-44
  • Matthew 15:1-6
  • Matthew 5:17-20
  • Matthew 16:11-12
  • Matthew 23:13-15
  • Matthew 23:33
  • John 12:42-43
  • Acts 13:5-10
  • Revelation 2:8-9

Parable of the Wheat and the Weeds

Matthew 13:24-30
Jesus presented another parable to them, saying, "The kingdom of heaven may be compared to a man who sowed good seed in his field.
25 "But while his men were sleeping, his enemy came and sowed tares [weeds] among the wheat, and went away.
26 "But when the  wheat sprouted and bore grain, then the tares became evident also.
27 "The slaves of the landowner came and said to him, 'Sir, did you not sow good seed in your field? How then does it have tares?'
28 "And he said to them, 'An enemy has done this!' The slaves said to him, 'Do you want us, then, to go and gather them up?'
29 "But he said, 'No; for while you are gathering up the tares, you may uproot the wheat with them.
30 'Allow both to grow together until the harvest; and in the time of the harvest I will say to the reapers, "First gather up the tares and bind them in bundles to burn them up; but gather the wheat into my barn."'"
  • Tares are weeds
  • The Tares are already evident before harvest time
Matthew 13:36-43
36  Then He left the crowds and went into the house. And His disciples came to Him and said, "Explain to us the parable of the tares of the field."
37 And He said, "The one who sows the good seed is the Son of Man,
38 and the field is the world; and as for the good seed, these are the sons of the kingdom; and the tares are the sons of the evil one;
39 and the enemy who sowed them is the devil, and the harvest is the end of the age; and the reapers are angels.
40 "So just as the tares are gathered up and burned with fire, so shall it be at the end of the age.
41 "The Son of Man will send forth His angels, and they will gather out of His kingdom all stumbling blocks, and those who commit lawlessness,
42 and will throw them into the furnace of fire; in that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
43 "Then THE RIGHTEOUS WILL SHINE FORTH AS THE SUN in the kingdom of their Father. He who has ears, let him hear.
  • When you reach your potential you will expose the weeds

Conclusions So Far

The Field Is the World

  • The field is not the church
  • The field is not the Kingdom
  • The weeds and the children of the Kingdom are both on the earth
  • But the weeds are not in the Kingdom
  • To enter into the Kingdom you must be born again
  • Jesus compared being a child of the kingdom versus a child of the evil one

The Enemy is Satan

  • Satan is not in the Kingdom yet he’s in the parable
  • Satan is the source of evil in the world
  • God or Jesus are not the source of the evil done by the children of the devil

The Harvest is At the End Time

  • Judgment and punishment from God doesn’t happen until the end time
  • The weeds will be removed first
  • The wheat will remain in the world after the weeds are removed
  • It doesn’t specify that you can’t tell them apart before the harvest
  • It implies that if you try to remove the weeds you may damage the wheat

Sons of God is used spiritually

  • It refers to Christians and those who believed Jesus was the Messiah
  • Sons of the devil is likely spiritual as well

Who Are the Weeds?

Popular Beliefs Include:
  • Believers who sin or backslide but look like “true” believers
  • Non-believers
  • Hybrid Humans
  • Nephilim -  offspring of women and angels
  • Satan’s literal descendents - sin in the garden was that Satan and Eve mated
  • Descendants of a specific evil human (Cain, Esau, Ishmael)
  • The Pharisees / False Prophets
  • A Unique View (revealed later)
What do we know about the weeds?
  • They are called children of the devil
  • They commit “lawlessness”
Who was called “children of the devil” in the Bible?
  • Jesus seemed to assume that the disciples knew who he was referring to
John 8:42-44
42 Jesus said to them [ the Pharisees], "If God were your Father, you would love Me, for I proceeded forth and have come from God, for I have not even come on My own initiative, but He sent Me.
43 "Why do you not understand what I am saying? It is because you cannot hear My word.
44 "You are of your father the devil, and you want to do the desires of your father. He was a murderer from the beginning, and does not stand in the truth because there is no truth in him. Whenever he speaks a lie, he speaks from his own nature, for he is a liar and the father of lies.
  • The Pharisees are not of God
  • They are children of the devil
Who are these Pharisees?

Jewish Sects

We will examine some of the Jewish sects that were in existence during the time of Jesus
All Jews believe in:
  1. Circumcision
  2. Laws of Moses
Most of these sects started during the Babylonian captivity (except Zealots)
  • Started in 2nd century BC
  • Ended before end of the 1st century

Pharisees

  • This was a lay (non-priestly) reform movement
  • They were not descendants of the Levites
  • They were the keepers of the oral Torah, i.e., oral interpretations of the Torah, which they believed were given to Moses at Sinai.
  • They emphasized domestic ritual and synagogue services that could be done apart from the temple in Jerusalem.
  • Rabbis were Pharisees
  • Shifted focus from temple worship to keeping the law
  • Were expecting a Messiah to come
  • Believed in the resurrection and judgment day
  • Parent of modern Judaism
By bringing Jewish religious life out of the Temple and into homes, synagogues, and the lives of everyday people, as well as advocating the continuing interpretation of the Torah, they helped preserve Jewish tradition after the destruction of the Temple in A.D. 70.
Many traditions got added during the Babylonian captivity
  • There was most likely influence from the Babylonian religions

Sadducees

They saw their role as upholding traditional practices and beliefs, and they resolutely defended worship at the Jerusalem Temple as the action that maintained the covenant between God and Israel.
  • Only recognized the five book of Moses
  • Focused on the temple sacrifices
  • No Resurrection of the dead
  • The Torah doesn’t speak on it
  • Believed Rewards and punishment come in this world
  • Politically connected
  • Upper class
  • were on friendly terms with Rome when they took over.
  • Believed the authority was the Torah only
  • no oral interpretation
  • no prophets
  • nor other writings
  • Didn’t believe in the Messiah
  • They went away in AD 70 when the Romans destroyed the temple

Essenes

  • Lived in a monastic commune
  • the descendants of Zadok, the priest during David's time
  • Believed the Pharisees and Sadducees had been corrupted
  • They considered the temple impure
  • Believed in predestination and the mystical arts
  • Lived in the Dead Sea community
  • Thought to have been the owners of the Dead Sea scroll collection

Zealots

A political movement which sought to incite the people of Judea Province to rebel against the Roman Empire and expel it from the Holy Land by force of arms
  • Similar to the Pharisees but they worshipped no king other and God alone
  • Also known as the 4th philosophy
  • Zealots started in 6 AD
  • Simon the Zealot was a disciple
  • Killed themselves in a mass suicide at Masada (73 AD)

Significant Roles

Chief/High Priests

  • Members of the high priestly families or those acting with the authority of the high priest
  • Levites - descendents of Aaron

Scribes

  • Interpreted Jewish law
  • They could read and write
  • Came to be known as smart and knowledgeable of the law
  • Bible scholars, lawyers, judges
  • Most were Pharisees

Jewish Traditions

Matthew 15:1-6
1 Then some Pharisees and scribes came to Jesus from Jerusalem and said,
2 "Why do Your disciples break the tradition of the elders? For they do not wash their hands when they eat bread."
3 And He answered and said to them, "Why do you yourselves transgress the commandment of God for the sake of your tradition?
4 "For God said, 'HONOR YOUR FATHER AND MOTHER,' and, 'HE WHO SPEAKS EVIL OF FATHER OR MOTHER IS TO BE PUT TO DEATH.'
5 "But you say, 'Whoever says to his father or mother, "Whatever I have that would help you has been given to God,"
6 he is not to honor his father or his mother.' And by this you invalidated the word of God for the sake of your tradition.
  • The Pharisees are not accusing the disciples of breaking the Old Testament laws
  • They are accusing them of breaking traditions that they have in addition to the law
  • Hand washing was a recent tradition
  • Apparently, the Pharisees had a tradition that you could tell your parents that you gave all of your money to God and not help them
  • Jesus is criticizing them for this practice
  • They had an overemphasis on the giving of money

Oral Tradition

The Pharisees held to a belief that in addition to the written Laws of Moses there was an Oral Law
  • Moses received the written and oral law from God
  • There were laws, statutes, and legal interpretations given to Moses that were not recorded in the Five Books of Moses
According to Jewish tradition, the Oral Torah was passed down orally from Moses in an unbroken chain from generation to generation until its contents were finally committed to writing following the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 AD, when Jewish civilization was faced with an existential threat.
Oral traditions
  • What work can’t you do on sabbath
  • Can you eat chicken (Moses didn’t have chicken)
  • Understanding the spirit world
  • Angels roles and names
  • The devils function
  • Resurrection of the dead for judgment
Sabbath Examples:
  • You can eat fruit if half the basket is out the door
  • Women can’t wear jewelry made by skilled craftsman
Giving Thanks
  • Specific blessings to recite before and after eating food

Oral Interpretations

  • Why did Cain killed Abel
  • Why would God choose the sacrifice of one brother over another
  • Did Isaac know that Abraham intended to sacrifice him

Mishnah and Talmud

Their oral Torah became the Mishnah and Talmud of modern-day Judaism.
  • They are the foundation of Rabbinic Judaism.    
The Mishnah compiled the oral interpretations and traditions of the Pharisees and later on the Rabbis into a single authoritative text, thus allowing oral tradition within Judaism to survive the destruction of the Second Temple.
—Wikipedia
Talmud = oral traditions + oral interpretations
Talmud = Mishnah + Gomorrah
The Gemara is an elucidation of the Mishnah and related Tannaitic writings that often ventures onto other subjects and expounds broadly on the Hebrew Bible.

Modern Christian Traditions

What are some traditions that we currently have in Christianity that aren’t necessarily based on the Bible?
  • Hail Mary’s
  • Praying to saints
  • Praying to Mary
  • Confession
  • Praying before you eat
  • Saying “bless you” when someone sneezes
  • Sinner’s prayer
  • Long prayers to impress men
Traditions are only bad when they come in conflict with the Bible.

Jesus and the Law

We see in the gospel that the Pharisees and Sadducees often at odds with Jesus. They are the main people who are opposing him.
  • The number one opposition to Jesus Christ wasn’t sinners it was the religious leaders.
  • Jesus never condemn sinners he condemned the religious leaders.
  • The self righteous and the religious were the ones in opposition to God‘s kingdom not the sinners
The Pharisees accused Jesus of breaking the law.  
  • Jesus seemed to deemphasize some of the laws of the Pharisees
  • Yet elsewhere he said he didn’t come to change the Law
So was Jesus for keeping the law or not?
Matthew 5:17-20
17“Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish but to fulfill. 18“For truly I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not the smallest letter or stroke shall pass from the Law until all is accomplished. 19“Whoever then annuls one of the least of these commandments, and teaches others to do the same, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever keeps and teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.
      20“For I say to you that unless your righteousness surpasses that of the scribes and Pharisees, you will not enter the kingdom of heaven.
  • The scribes and Pharisees won’t get into the Kingdom of Heaven
  • Jesus wasn’t against the law
  • Jesus disagreed with the interpretation of the law of the scribes and Pharisees
  • Jesus disagreed with the traditions they introduced
  • Their traditions made the law of “no effect”

Issues with the Pharisees

Issues of the Pharisees
  1. Their traditions made the Word ineffective
  2. Exalting man’s tradition above God’s laws
  3. Sought to impress people more than impressing God
  4. They were hypocrites
  5. Misinterpreting the Word - Bad Doctrine
  6. Didn’t accept Jesus as the Messiah
  7. Preventing people from entering the Kingdom of God
Jesus calls them
  • Children of the devil
  • Sons of hell
  • Brood of vipers
Matthew 16:11-12
11 "How is it that you do not understand that I did not speak to you concerning bread? But beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees."
12 Then they understood that He did not say to beware of the leaven of bread, but of the teaching of the Pharisees and Sadducees.
  • Jesus said to beware of the teachings of the Pharisees and Sadducees.
  • They had bad teaching (bad doctrine)
Matthew 23:13-15
13 "But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, because you shut off the kingdom of heaven from people; for you do not enter in yourselves, nor do you allow those who are entering to go in.
14 [" Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, because you devour widows' houses, and for a pretense you make long prayers; therefore you will receive greater condemnation.]
 15“Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, because you travel around on sea and land to make one proselyte; and when he becomes one, you make him twice as much a son of hell as yourselves.
  • They are hypocrites
  • They won’t accept Jesus
  • They are keeping other people from the Kingdom
  • Take money from the widows
  • Make long prayers for show - trying to impress men
  • They are “sons of hell”
Matthew 23:33
33 "You serpents, you brood of vipers, how will you escape the sentence of hell?
  • Jesus calls them serpents, and a brood of vipers
  • Sentenced to hell
John 12:42-43
42 Nevertheless many even of the rulers believed in Him, but because of the Pharisees they were not confessing Him, for fear that they would be put out of the synagogue;
43 for they loved the approval of men rather than the approval of God.
  • People didn’t get saved because of the fear of the Pharisees

False Prophets

Who else was called “sons of the devil”?
Acts 13:5-10
5 When they reached Salamis, they began to proclaim the word of God in the synagogues of the Jews; and they also had John as their helper.
6 When they had gone through the whole island as far as Paphos, they found a magician, a Jewish false prophet whose name was Bar-Jesus,
7 who was with the proconsul, Sergius Paulus, a man of intelligence. This man summoned Barnabas and Saul and sought to hear the word of God.
8 But Elymas the magician (for so his name is translated) was opposing them, seeking to turn the proconsul away from the faith.
9 But Saul, who was also known as Paul, filled with the Holy Spirit, fixed his gaze on him,
10 and said, "You who are full of all deceit and fraud, you son of the devil, you enemy of all righteousness, will you not cease to make crooked the straight ways of the Lord?
  • Elymas was a false prophets
  • Paul calls him a “son of the devil”
  • He intentionally turned people away from Christianity
  • He intentionally opposed the Kingdom

Conclusion

Jesus wasn’t against the Pharisees because they were legalistic about the Torah
  • He was against them because they had laws and traditions that were in opposition to the Torah
Jesus didn’t  call regular sinners sons of the devil or snakes or  vipers.  Jesus rarely spoke harshly about sinners...He forgave them.
Jesus spoke harshly about the Pharisees, Sadducees, and scribes.
The religious leaders who:
  1. Didn’t accept Jesus as the Messiah
  2. Prevented other people from entering the Kingdom of God
They act and talk as if they are of God but they are counterfeits
  • Jesus said beware of wolves in sheep's clothing
Revelation 2:8-9
8“To the angel of the church in Smyrna write:
These are the words of him who is the First and the Last, who died and came to life again. 9I know your afflictions and your poverty—yet you are rich! I know about the slander of those who say they are Jews and are not, but are a synagogue of Satan.
  • There are people claiming to be Jews but are not
  • There are people pretending to be Christians, but are not
  • They are of the synagogue/church of Satan
The sons of Satan are not those who teach bad doctrine because they mis-understand the bible.  The sons of Satan are those who intentionally oppose Jesus but pretend to be Christians.
They are false prophets and false teachers who look like children of the Kingdom of God, but are really of the Kingdom of Satan.
So now we know who the sons of Satan are.
But are these the only people who will be gathered and destroyed at the end time?
To be continued...

Instructor: Michael Leadon



References

3534 Origin of the Pharisees - The rabbis of Babylon synagogue
Who Are the Pharisees
TheTrithGroup
13a Jewish Groups and Doctrines - Pharisees, Sadducees, Zealots, Karaites, Kabalists, Hasidics

Extra

Predestination

Romans 9:
6 But it is not as though the word of God has failed. For they are not all Israel who are descended from Israel;
7 nor are they all children because they are Abraham's descendants, but: " THROUGH ISAAC YOUR DESCENDANTS WILL BE NAMED."
8 That is, it is not the children of the flesh who are children of God, but the children of the promise are regarded as descendants.
9 For this is the word of promise: "AT THIS TIME I WILL COME, AND SARAH SHALL HAVE A SON."
10 And not only this, but there was Rebekah also, when she had conceived twins by one man, our father Isaac;
11 for though the twins were not yet born and had not done anything good or bad, so that God's purpose according to His choice would fnstand, not because of works but because of Him who calls,
12 it was said to her, "THE OLDER WILL SERVE THE YOUNGER."
13 Just as it is written, "JACOB I LOVED, BUT ESAU I HATED."
14 What shall we say then? There is no injustice with God, is there? May it never be!
15 For He says to Moses, "I WILL HAVE MERCY ON WHOM I HAVE MERCY, AND I WILL HAVE COMPASSION ON WHOM I HAVE COMPASSION."
16 So then it does not depend on the man who wills or the man who runs, but on God who has mercy.
17 For the Scripture says to Pharaoh, "FOR THIS VERY PURPOSE I RAISED YOU UP, TO DEMONSTRATE MY POWER IN YOU, AND THAT MY NAME MIGHT BE PROCLAIMED THROUGHOUT THE WHOLE EARTH."
18 So then He has mercy on whom He desires, and He hardens whom He desires.
19 You will say to me then, "Why does He still find fault? For who resists His will?"
20 On the contrary, who are you, O man, who answers back to God? The thing molded will not say to the molder, "Why did you make me like this," will it?
21 Or does not the potter have a right over the clay, to make from the same lump one vessel for honorable use and another for common use?
22 What if God, although willing to demonstrate His wrath and to make His power known, endured with much patience vessels of wrath prepared for destruction?
23 And He did so to make known the riches of His glory upon vessels of mercy, which He prepared beforehand for glory,
24 even us, whom He also called, not from among Jews only, but also from among Gentiles.
25 As He says also in Hosea,
"I WILL CALL THOSE WHO WERE NOT MY PEOPLE, 'MY PEOPLE,'
AND HER WHO WAS NOT BELOVED, 'BELOVED.'"
26 "AND IT SHALL BE THAT IN THE PLACE WHERE IT WAS SAID TO THEM, 'YOU ARE NOT MY PEOPLE,'
THERE THEY SHALL BE CALLED SONS OF THE LIVING GOD."
27 Isaiah cries out concerning Israel, "THOUGH THE NUMBER OF THE SONS OF ISRAEL BE LIKE THE SAND OF THE SEA, IT IS THE REMNANT THAT WILL BE SAVED;
28 FOR THE LORD WILL EXECUTE HIS WORD ON THE EARTH, THOROUGHLY AND QUICKLY."
John 8:41-44
41 "You are doing the deeds of your father." They said to Him, "We were not born of fornication; we have one Father: God."
42 Jesus said to them, "If God were your Father, you would love Me, for I proceeded forth and have come from God, for I have not even come on My own initiative, but He sent Me.
43 "Why do you not understand what I am saying? It is because you cannot hear My word.
44 "You are of your father the devil, and you want to do the desires of your father. He was a murderer from the beginning, and does not stand in the truth because there is no truth in him. Whenever he speaks it is a lie, he speaks from his own nature, for he is a liar and the father of lies.
  • They claimed that God was their father
  • Jesus claimed that Satan was their father

John the Baptist

Matthew 3:5-12
5 Then Jerusalem was going out to him, and all Judea and all the district around the Jordan;
6 and they were being baptized by him in the Jordan River, as they confessed their sins.
7 But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming for baptism, he said to them, "You brood of vipers, who warned you to flee from the wrath to come?
8 "Therefore bear fruit in keeping with repentance;
9 and do not suppose that you can say to yourselves, 'We have Abraham for our father'; for I say to you that from these stones God is able to raise up children to Abraham.
10 "The axe is already laid at the root of the trees; therefore every tree that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire.
11 "As for me, I baptize you with water for repentance, but He who is coming after me is mightier than I, and I am not fit to remove His sandals; He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire.
12 "His winnowing fork is in His hand, and He will thoroughly clear His threshing floor; and He will gather His wheat into the barn, but He will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire."
  • John the Baptist also uses the wheat analogy
  • He called both Pharisees and Sadducees vipers
  • He alluded that they will be destroyed by fire

Problems of the Pharisees

  1. Hypocrisy
  2. Entitlement
  3. Self righteousness
  4. Not knowing the scripture
  5. Misapplying God’s law
  6. Profaning the Sabbath
  7. Demonizing God‘s power
  8. Highly esteemed things that are in abomination to God
  9. Exulting man’s tradition over God’s Law
  10. Causing others to stumble
  11. Rejecting the witness of God

Hypocrisy

Matthew 23:1-5
1 ¶ Then Jesus spoke to the crowds and to His disciples,
2 saying: "The scribes and the Pharisees have seated themselves in the chair of Moses;
3 therefore all that they tell you, do and observe, but do not do according to their deeds; for they say things and do not do them.
4 "They tie up heavy burdens and lay them on men's shoulders, but they themselves are unwilling to move them with so much as a finger.
5 "But they do all their deeds to be noticed by men; for they broaden their phylacteries and lengthen the tassels of their garments.
  • Pride
The fruit of hypocrisy comes from the root of pride
Jesus despised hypocrisy of the Pharisees

Self Righteousness

Luke 18:10
10 "Two men went up into the temple to pray, one a Pharisee and the other a tax collector.
11 "The Pharisee stood and was praying this to himself: 'God, I thank You that I am not like other people: swindlers, unjust, adulterers, or even like this tax collector.
12 'I fast twice a week; I pay tithes of all that I get.'
13 "But the tax collector, standing some distance away, was even unwilling to lift up his eyes to heaven, but was beating his breast, saying, 'God, be merciful to me, the sinner!'
14 "I tell you, this man went to his house justified rather than the other; for everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, but he who humbles himself will be exalted."
Matthew 23
"But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, because you shut off the kingdom of heaven from people; for you do not enter in yourselves, nor do you allow those who are entering to go in.
14 [" Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, because you devour widows' houses, and for a pretense you make long prayers; therefore you will receive greater condemnation.]
15 ¶ "Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, because you travel around on sea and land to make one proselyte; and when he becomes one, you make him twice as much a son of hell as yourselves.
16 ¶ "Woe to you, blind guides, who say, 'Whoever swears by the fntemple, that is nothing; but whoever swears by the gold of the temple is obligated.'
17 "You fools and blind men! Which is more important, the gold or the fntemple that sanctified the gold?
18 "And, 'Whoever swears by the altar, that is nothing, but whoever swears by the fn offering on it, he is obligated.'
19 "You blind men, which is more important, the offering, or the altar that sanctifies the offering?
20 "Therefore, whoever swears by the altar, swears both by the altar and by everything on it.
The Pharisees were never accused of obeying the law of God
Matthew 12:34-36
34 "You brood of vipers, how can you, being evil, speak what is good? For the mouth speaks out of that which fills the heart.
35 "The good man brings out of his good treasure what is good; and the evil man brings out of his evil treasure what is evil.
36 "But I tell you that every careless word that people speak, they shall give an accounting for it in the day of judgment.
  • Brood of vipers
  • Evil

Misinterpreted the Word

Matthew 19:3-5
3 Some Pharisees came to Jesus, testing Him and asking, "Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife for any reason at all?"
4 And He answered and said, "Have you not read that He who created them from the beginning MADE THEM MALE AND FEMALE,
5 and said, 'FOR THIS REASON A MAN SHALL LEAVE HIS FATHER AND MOTHER AND BE JOINED TO HIS WIFE, AND THE TWO SHALL BECOME ONE FLESH'?
  • Misinterpreting the Word

False Prophets

2 Corinthians 11:26
26 I have been on frequent journeys, in dangers from rivers, dangers from robbers, dangers from my countrymen, dangers from the Gentiles, dangers in the city, dangers in the wilderness, dangers on the sea, dangers among false brethren;
  • False brothers are not just a danger to themselves they are purposely a danger to the members of the body
Acts 20:29-30
29 "I know that after my departure savage wolves will come in among you, not sparing the flock;
30 and from among your own selves men will arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away the disciples after them.
  • Jesus warns of those within the flock who will turn men away from the truth
2 John 1:7

Thursday, September 13, 2018

Parable of the Wheat and Tares - Part 2

Could the weeds in the parable of the wheat and weeds actually be non-human hybrids that look like humans?


Scriptures:
  • Matthew 13:24-30
  • Matthew 13:36-43
  • Matthew 24:36-42
  • Genesis 6: 1-5
  • Job 1:6-7
  • Genesis 3:15
  • 1 John 3:11-12
  • Genesis 4:1-2, 25
  • Malachi 1:2-3
  • John 8:33
  • John 1:10-13

Intro

We are on a mission to understand the Kingdom of God.  Right now we’re focused on Jesus’ teaching because it, in many ways, differs from what we often hear about the Kingdom.   We’re looking at all of the parables of Jesus that describe the Kingdom.  
Right now we are on the Parable of the Wheat and the Tares (Weeds).  This is part 2.
Last time we tried to examine the parable without reading in any of our preconceived notions, but to accept the parable for exactly what it said.  We will now look at the parable through the lens of various doctrines.  

Understanding Parables

Cognitive dissonance - when faced with our truth and facts that oppose them we will try to change the facts to fit our belief

Taking the Story/Analogy Too Far

We want to make sure we aren’t reading more into the analogy than intended.
We aren’t necessarily interpreting literally
  • We want to interpret as best we can how the disciples would have understood it
The analogy is generally expressed to make a few specific points.  
  • We don’t want to carry the analogy further than Jesus intended.  
  • Especially for the parables where Jesus explains the meaning.  
  • If he didn’t include it in the explanation we can’t extrapolate it.
Examples: 
  • The story of the Good Sumerian wasn’t claiming Sumerians are good and Jews are bad
  • Wheat bends from the weight of the fruit when it matures
  • Those who bow down to Christ are the wheat
  • That’s cute but that’s not what He was saying
Just because we agree with the conclusion doesn’t mean that’s what Jesus was alluding to.

Parable of the Wheat and Tares/Weeds

Matthew 13:24-30
Jesus presented another parable to them, saying, "The kingdom of heaven may be compared to a man who sowed good seed in his field.
25 "But while his men were sleeping, his enemy came and sowed tares among the wheat, and went away.
26 "But when the  wheat sprouted and bore grain, then the tares became evident also.
27 "The slaves of the landowner came and said to him, 'Sir, did you not sow good seed in your field? How then does it have tares?'
28 "And he said to them, 'An enemy has done this!' The slaves said to him, 'Do you want us, then, to go and gather them up?'
29 "But he said, 'No; for while you are gathering up the tares, you may uproot the wheat with them.
30 'Allow both to grow together until the harvest; and in the time of the harvest I will say to the reapers, "First gather up the tares and bind them in bundles to burn them up; but gather the wheat into my barn."'"
Matthew 13:36-43
36  Then He left the crowds and went into the house. And His disciples came to Him and said, "Explain to us the parable of the tares of the field."
37 And He said, "The one who sows the good seed is the Son of Man,
38 and the field is the world; and as for the good seed, these are the sons of the kingdom; and the tares are the sons of the evil one;
39 and the enemy who sowed them is the devil, and the harvest is the end of the age; and the reapers are angels.
40 "So just as the tares are gathered up and burned with fire, so shall it be at the end of the age.
41 "The Son of Man will send forth His angels, and they will gather out of His kingdom all stumbling blocks, and those who commit lawlessness,
42 and will throw them into the furnace of fire; in that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
43 "Then THE RIGHTEOUS WILL SHINE FORTH AS THE SUN in the kingdom of their Father. He who has ears, let him hear.

Review of the Last Discussion

Tares in the Kingdom of Heaven

In many of the parables, Jesus starts off by saying “the Kingdom of Heaven is like…” but within the parable He discusses things that aren’t part of the Kingdom.  The parable may include things that are evil. These external things are used to help explain the kingdom.  But that does not mean that the is evil inside of the Kingdom.
Example: Parable of the soils
  • Those who had the seeds taken by birds/satan
  • The birds aren’t part of the Kingdom
  • Satan isn’t part of the Kingdom
  • All actors in the parable don’t have to belong to the Kingdom

The Field Is Not the Church

The field is not the church.  The field is the world.  
Many view the wheat and tares as two different types of Christians
The field is not the Kingdom
I don’t think we need to conclude that the weeds are “in the Kingdom”
  • Jesus even clarifies that the field is “the world”
  • He uses things outside of the Kingdom to help explain the Kingdom
People confuse this fact and assume that both the wheat and the tares are in the Kingdom.
To inherit the Kingdom you must be born again
The weeds are not in the kingdom
  • The weeds look like they are in the Kingdom but they are not

The Enemy

The enemy planted the weeds.  
Why does evil exists in the world?  Why do bad things happen to good people?
Because of Satan
Jesus explains that the evil in the world is not just a result of people making evil choices.
  • There is an unseen forces at work which will be undescernable by most.
We learn about the Kingdom that:
  • There are people pretending to be part of the kingdom that actually aren’t
  • The devil is allowed to operate in opposition to the kingdom

The Rapture

In the last lesson we discussed that the parable clearly indicates that the tares are taken before the wheat.  This is in direct contradiction to the doctrine of the (pre-tribulation) rapture which states that Jesus will come back and remove all “qualified” Christians from the earth and leave everyone else here.  The parable of the weeds states that the children of the evil one are gathered first and destroyed.
We discussed 3 passages of scripture as they relate to the rapture:
  1. This parable
  2. Revelation 14:12-20
  3. Matthew 24 - one is taken from the field
Revelations describes the harvest time when angles with sickles come and harvest the grapes of the earth and crush them in the winepress of God’s wrath.
  • This was a reference to the tares being destroyed at the end of the age
  • The saints weren’t removed from the earth first
At that time, I stated that in Matthew 24, the story where Jesus mentions one being left in the field and one being taken supports the rapture.  After a careful reading, it is clear that the passage doesn’t actually state who was taken (first).
Matthew 24:36-42
36“But of that day and hour no one knows, not even the angels of heaven, nor the Son, but the Father alone. 37“For the coming of the Son of Man will be just like the days of Noah. 38“For as in those days before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noah entered the ark, 39 and they did not understand until the flood came and took them all away; so will the coming of the Son of Man be. 40“Then there will be two men in the field; one will be taken and one will be left. 41“Two women will be grinding at the mill; one will be taken and one will be left.
42“Therefore be on the alert, for you do not know which day your Lord is coming.
  • He says that it will be like the days of Noah
  • It doesn't actually say who will go first
  • It could be the wheat it could be the tares
From studying this passage, the parable of the weeds and the passage in Revelations that talks about the harvest being done by the angels, they all point to the same conclusion:  
  • The parable and revelations speak of evil being removed
  • Neither talk about the saints being removed
  • The “evil ones” will be removed from the earth and the righteous ones will remain
  • The Gospel of the Kingdom of God states that we will reign on earth with Jesus
All 3 passages support the same conclusion:
  • At the end time angels will come and remove the “evil ones” from earth
  • The saints (righteous) remain

Predestination

God decided who are wheat and who are weeds and it has nothing to do with our works or our choices  
  • God will influence our choices to accomplish the ends he has preordained
  • We only come to Jesus because God draws us to Him
  • We don’t have a choice in the matter
  • If God decided you are wheat you will be wheat if God decided you are a weed you will be a weed
  • God will create the circumstance in your life to ensure that you end up as what he preordained
Problem:
  • In the parable, Jesus clearly puts the origin of the weeds with satan
  • ...not God’s sovereign will
  • Jesus did not intend for weeds to be planted in the field

Are Sinners in The Church the Weeds?

The most popular interpretation of this parable assumes that the parable is talking about real Christians and fake Christians in the church.  The fake Christians are the:
  • The habitual sinners
  • Backsliders
  • Hypocrites who talk like Christians but don’t act like Christians
  • Sinners who are influenced more by the world than by Christ
This view often lumps fake Christians in with non-believers
  • If you don’t follow Jesus then you are following Satan
If they would just stop sinning they would no longer be be a weed/tare.  
  • If a weed stops sinning they will become wheat
  • If a wheat falls into a sin pattern they become a weed
This assumes that a weed can become wheat and vice versa
Problem With This Interpretation
  • The interpretation reads in a preconceived assumption of who is going to Heaven and who isn’t
  • This is a works based salvation
  • This interpretation has a non-obvious implication that wheat can become weeds and weeds can become wheat

Other Questions Discussed

  • Can you be wheat one day and a tare the next day?
  • When is the planting period?
  • Do you become wheat or are you born wheat?
  • Does sin make you a tare?
  • Do your works factor in the decision of whether you’re a wheat or a tare?
Additionally:
Did God create everything evil?
  • Or did He only create the good and allowed the evil to happen (against His will)

Wheat vs Tares

The parable tells us some are Children of God and some are Children of Satan
  • It says that the weeds are those who commit lawlessness
  • It tells us the angels can distinguish at the time of the harvest
  • It doesn’t imply that the angels can tell the difference prior to that
  • It doesn’t imply that they can’t
  • It tells us that judgment won’t occur until the end of the age
  • This contradicts with theology that bad things happen to people as punishment for sin
These are some categories of the views on who the weeds/tares are:
  1. Believers who sin or backslide but look like true believers
  2. Non-believers
  3. Good seeds and evil seeds were sown among other existing seeds in the world
  4. Counterfeit Humans
  5. Descendants of a specific evil human (Cain, Esau, …)
  6. The Pharisees / False Prophets
This parable is a key passage for many of these beliefs

Counterfeit Human Beings (Hybrids)

Nephilim

The tares are the offspring of the union of the fallen angels and human women
Matthew 24:37 said that the last days will be like the days of Noah
Genesis 6: 1-51When human beings began to increase in number on the earth and daughters were born to them, 2 the sons of God [bene Elohim] saw that the daughters of humans [daughters of Adam] were beautiful, and they married any of them they chose. 3 Then the Lord said, “My Spirit will not contend with humans forever, for they are mortal; their days will be a hundred and twenty years.”
4The Nephilim were on the earth in those days—and also afterward—when the sons of God went to the daughters of humans and had children by them. They were the heroes of old, men of renown.
5The Lord saw how great the wickedness of the human race had become on the earth, and that every inclination of the thoughts of the human heart was only evil all the time.
  • This is right before the flood
  • The author is careful to state that Nephilim were also around “afterwards”

Giants

“The Church” understood Nephilim to be giants until the council of the 6th century
  • The book of Enoch gives a detailed account of what happened
  • The epic of Gilgamesh is the oldest record in the entire world. It talks about giants before and after the flood.
  • Whether or not they were actually giants doesn’t matter as far as the Tares theory goes
  • They could be tears either way
  • In fact if they were not giants but we’re still hybrids that would relate more directly to the parable
The suffix “im” tells us that they were a different type of being
  • Cherubim, seraphim, ...
Where did the Nephilim Come from?

Fallen Angels

Sons of God =  Bene ha elohim = Sons of Elohim
  • These are a specific group of angelic beings
  • The Septuagint translated it as angels.
Sons of God (angels) married the daughters of man
  • Angels had children with human women
  • God decided to kill almost all humanity because of what happened
Job 1:6-7
6Now there was a day when the sons of God [Bene ha elohim] came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan also came among them. 7The LORD said to Satan, “From where do you come?” Then Satan answered the LORD and said, “From roaming about on the earth and walking around on it.”
  • Satan was among them but necessarily one of them
We must remember that whatever we attribute to the sons of God we are specifically attributing it to the B’nai Ha Elohim and not to all angels.
  • Satan and/or his fallen angels bred with human women and had offspring
  • The giant Nephilim were their offspring
Conclusion Presented
  • A specific type of angel (Sons of God) came down and mated with human women
  • Their offspring were different than regular humans
  • These offspring are the tares who will be here at the end of the age
  • There will be (or has been) another falling away of the angels to cause this
Problems
  • Satan isn’t the source of the tares here as he is in the parable
  • He could have led the rebellion

DNA Manipulation (or Non-Sexual)

  • The fallen angels somehow created unnatural beings without having sex with humans
  • Perhaps the fallen angels taught men how to willingly become giants
  • The process survived the flood because it was written on stones

Angel/Demon Possessed Men

Fallen angels and/or Satan possessed men and caused them to breed with women

Aliens

Extraterrestrials came down and bread with women and had hybrid offspring

Sethite View

  • The sons of God were the godly line from Adam to Seth down to Noah
  • The daughters of men were the rebellious descendants of Cain
  • The Nephilim were fallen children (humans) who sought after false gods
The giants could have been there but not a result of the sons of men and daughters of God
Problems:
  • The Sons of God were the ones initiating the union
  • If the children of Seth were Godly why are they chasing ungodly women?
  • How do humans create giants?
  • ... for the version that accepts giants
  • Why would God kill a whole population of righteous people in the flood
  • How was sin or righteousness passed down genetically?
  • It says that only Noah was righteous
  • How did Cain’s descendants survive the flood?
  • All humans on earth now are Sethites
Problem with All of These
  • The “like in the days of Noah” reference may just mean that Jesus/judgment will come suddenly and many will be destroyed

Descendants of Cain (Serpent Seeds)

Cain was fathered by Satan
  • The real sin in the garden was that Eve had sex with satan
  • This family line are the tares
When the parable says the enemy crept in while man slept it is alluding to Adam literally or figuratively falling asleep and allowing  Satan to have intercourse with Eve
Why wasn’t Cain’s offering accepted?
  • Cain was a murderer from the beginning
Genesis 3:15
15 And I will put enmity
Between you and the woman,
And between your seed and her seed;
He shall bruise you on the head,
And you shall bruise him on the heel.
  • What else could “your seed” refer to?
1 John 3:11-12
11 For this is the message which you have heard from the beginning, that we should love one another;
12 not as Cain, who was of the evil one and slew his brother. And for what reason did he slay him? Because his deeds were evil, and his brother's were righteous.
  • Cain “was of” the evil one
Those who believe this theory use this to explain Jesus referring to the Pharisees as a brood of vipers, and children of the devil
Problems:
  • Why would God say enmity between satan’s seed and Eve’s seed if Cain was both of their seed?
  • There is more implication that Cain was the son of Adam than Abel
  • The one that sowed the good Seed in the parable is Jesus  ... Not Adam
  • There wouldn’t be two lines after the flood
  • Unless you assume one of the wives was a serpent descendant

Esau’s Offspring

The children of
  • Esau (vs Jacob)
  • Ishmael (vs Isaac)
Esau intermarried with Nephilim
Malachi 1:2-3
2 “I have loved you,” says the Lord. But you say, “How have You loved us?” “Was not Esau Jacob’s brother?” declares the Lord. “Yet I have loved Jacob; 3 but I have hated Esau, and I have made his mountains a desolation and appointed his inheritance for the jackals of the wilderness.”
  • God hated Esau because he disobeyed and married a Nephilim (or became one)
  • Esau was a tare

Pharisees Were Descendents of Esau

John 8:33
They answered Him, "We are Abraham's descendants and have never yet been enslaved to anyone; how is it that You say, 'You will become free '?"
  • The Pharisees said they were never in bondage
  • How could they be Jews but never have been in bondage to anyone?
  • Which children of Abraham were not in bondage in Egypt

Book: Who Is Esau-Edom?

Who Is Esau-Edom?
by Charles A. Weisman  
“This book traces the life & destiny of Esau and his descendants, the Edomites, to the present day, and their connection with modern Jewry. The analysis of the history and Scriptural insight of Esau and the Edomites, will unveil and explain many of the problems in the world. It will offer a new perspective on wars, economic crisis, hate crimes, political conspiracies, Zionism, anti-Semitism, anti-Christianity, government corruption and the Jewish issue. “
The book was starting at  $5,000 on Amazon
  • Now there’s one for  $500
Someone is trying to take this book out of circulation

Spiritual Offspring of God

Some of these explanations support Jesus’ use of the term “children of the evil one” better than the standard interpretations.   If people were literally children of satan or some of his fallen angels then that could make sense of Jesus’ use of the term.   The interesting thing though is that none of these theories try to support a literal “children of God” interpretation.  The wheat are children of the Kingdom.  We know that that  is a figurative term that Jesus uses to refer to His followers.   Therefore it would make sense that the term “children of the devil” is figurative language as well.
So where as it may be difficult to determine who is a weed, it may be simpler to determine who is wheat.   Who is a child of the Kingdom?   Who is a child of God?
John 1:10-13
He was in the world, and the world was made through Him, and the world did not know Him.
11 He came to His own, and those who were His own did not receive Him.
12 But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, even to those who believe in His name,
13 who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God.
  • Jesus gives us the power to be Sons of God
  • Prior to Jesus man could not achieve that on their own
  • Jesus came to His own, but they didn’t receive Him
  • This implies that not everyone who becomes a child of God is His own
  • But whoever receives Him can be a child of God
  • Anyone who received Jesus as the Messiah can be a child of God
We have the right to be children of God
  • Prior to exercising that right, we were children of Adam
Praise God for being wheat

Instructor: Michael Leadon


References

The Wheat and Tares Parable 1
 Warren Wiersbe
Wheat and Tares Pt 1
Chaplain Bob Walker - The Light of the World Ministry
Tares versus wheat: opposing "spiritual “ offspring
Pastor Ben Heath
Grace Church - podcast

Extra

Misused Scriptures

2 Peter 3:8
But do not forget this one thing, dear friends: With the Lord a day is like a thousand years, and a thousand years are like a day.

The disciples still didn’t get it

Acts 1:4-7
For John truly baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence.
6 When they therefore were come together, they asked of him, saying, Lord, wilt thou at this time restore again the kingdom to Israel?
7 And he said unto them, It is not for you to know the times or the seasons, which the Father hath put in his own power.

Judgment

Jesus teaches about Satan and about judgment
The reason we don't like to talk about judgment is because we're not sure whether we are a wheat or tare. We are not sure whether we are sheep or a goat. We say we believe Paul when he says all we need to do is believe but we have doubt where we read the words of Jesus.
Luke 3:15 – 17
5 And as the people were in expectation, and all men mused in their hearts of John, whether he were the Christ, or not;
16 John answered, saying unto them all, I indeed baptize you with water; but one mightier than I cometh, the latchet of whose shoes I am not worthy to unloose: he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost and with fire:
17 Whose fan is in his hand, and he will thoroughly purge his floor, and will gather the wheat into his garner; but the chaff he will burn with fire unquenchable.
  • Fire is symbolic of judgment
  • The threshing floor is symbolic of judgment

Church History of Weed Removal

The Roman Catholic Church
In the Spanish inquisition alone 32,000 Christians were killed
The Spanish Inquisition
The crusades
  • God did not call the church to judge the world
When the church went on witch hunts and started killing witches this is an example of the servants trying to eliminate the tares from the field. Spanish inquisition, crusades and bloody Mary showed what happens when we try to eliminate tares on our own (or what happens when the tares take control of the church).

Jesus’ Teaching About Sinner in the Church

This interpretation assumes that Jesus is saying that we shouldn’t try to figure out
Matthew 18:15-17
15“If your brother or sisterb sins,c go and point out their fault, just between the two of you. If they listen to you, you have won them over. 16But if they will not listen, take one or two others along, so that ‘every matter may be established by the testimony of two or three witnesses.’d 17If they still refuse to listen, tell it to the church; and if they refuse to listen even to the church, treat them as you would a pagan or a tax collector.
  • This shows that Jesus doesn’t say to ignore sinners until the end of the age
  • This shows that Jesus could say church

Satan is a Counterfeiter

Galatians 1:6-8
6 I am amazed that you are so quickly deserting Him who called you by the grace of Christ, for a different gospel;
7 which is really not another; only there are some who are disturbing you and want to distort the gospel of Christ.
8 But even if we, or an angel from heaven, should preach to you a gospel contrary to what we have preached to you, he is to be accursed!
The most dangerous thing you can be is empty
  • Example of man when the demon left and came back with more
Children of the enemy are counterfeits
2 Corinthians 11:4;11-15
4 For if one comes and preaches another Jesus whom we have not preached, or you receive a different spirit which you have not received, or a different gospel which you have not accepted, you bear this beautifully.
11 Why? Because I do not love you? God knows I do!
12 But what I am doing I will continue to do, so that I may cut off opportunity from those who desire an opportunity to be regarded just as we are in the matter about which they are boasting.
13 For such men are false apostles, deceitful workers, disguising themselves as apostles of Christ.
14 No wonder, for even Satan disguises himself as an angel of light.
15 Therefore it is not surprising if his servants also disguise themselves as servants of righteousness, whose end will be according to their deeds.

Fallen Angels

Jude 1:6-7
6 And angels who did not keep their own domain, but abandoned their proper abode, He has kept in eternal bonds under darkness for the judgment of the great day, 7 just as Sodom and Gomorrah and the cities around them, since they in the same way as these indulged in gross immorality and went after strange flesh, are exhibited as an example in undergoing the punishment of eternal fire.
  • These fallen angels are being held in bondage
  • They are not on the earth
  • They are not demons

Sethite View

Genesis 4:1-2, 25        1 Now the man had relations with his wife Eve, and she conceived and gave birth to Cain, and she said, "I have gotten a manchild with the help of the LORD."
2 Again, she gave birth to his brother Abel. And Abel was a keeper of flocks, but Cain was a tiller of the ground.
...
25 Adam had relations with his wife again; and she gave birth to a son, and named him Seth, for, she said, "God has appointed me another offspring in place of Abel, for Cain killed him."
  • Cain is called a man
  • Seth was called a son
This doctrine is needed to prove the 8th Day Adam theory and is usually grouped with the following theories:
  • Literal serpent Seed
  • Regional flood of Noah
  • 3 World Ages
  • Gap theory
  • Pre-Adamites (destroyed between Gen 1 & 2)